石管家STONE BUTLER

您當前的位置:首頁 > 石管家

石材飾面護理品質檢測標準

2019/10/28 15:56:17

實踐是檢驗真理的唯一標準,破壞性測試是檢驗產品質量、效果的唯一標準

一直以來石材,陶瓷飾面護理品質,沒有一個系統化標準,被一些既得利益者愚弄、蒙騙、操縱著,使行業的發展滯后,使施工者和使用者被忽悠。有鑒于此,為了石材、陶瓷飾面護理品質標準、真正能使廣大施工者、使用者了解、認識、懂得,暫且粗略由以下面幾點作為標準。

(1)石材的耐磨性,用“度”來表示,一般應用在地板上的耐磨度,應該最少在3-4度,才能夠合格,石材飾面可以在現場測試,在人流密集的大門口、主通道,用6個時段來測試收集數據,分別是:3天、7天、15天、30天、45天60天。這6個時段,不能做任何的護理。但要進行清潔洗擦,可以使用單擦機配墊子洗擦,這點非常重要。3天已經沒有效果,(指沒有任何光亮)屬于廢品,7天已經沒有效果(指沒有任何光亮)屬于劣質品,15天已經沒有效果(指沒有任何光亮)不合格品,30天才沒有效果(指沒有任何光亮)屬于合格品,45天才沒有效果(指沒有任何光亮)屬于優良品,60天才沒有效果(指沒有任何光亮)的為優質品,90天還有效果的(指還保持良好光亮)屬于超優質品

(2)石材飾面的透氣性,可以在現場用定點泡水法檢測,方法是:用一個透明圓筒,筒高40CM直徑10CM,放在地面上,貼近地面的接口,邊縫用軟質硅膠封閉好,然后在圓筒里放入清水20CM,上面加蓋好,靜止泡、15-30分鐘,然后把測試物拿走,看看能否泡入水印,然后待 0.5-2小時自然干燥,如果能恢復原樣子干燥沒有水印,才屬于合格產品,即能達到雙面透氣性。這樣的效果,才能有效控制石材病變的可能性,同時石材和下面水泥建筑物正確有效的養護。這點非常重要,是防止建筑物因為失水而造成提早粉化。相反如果泡不進水或者水進去了,在指定的時間內水出不來或者永遠出不來的,屬于不合格品,因為這飾面涂層是不透氣,容易造成石材、陶瓷的病變,更嚴重是建筑物因此得不到水汽的養護,加速了建筑物的粉化,后果將難以估算,這種屬于劣質不合格品

(3)石材的耐洗滌性,可以在現場用洗地機洗擦法檢測,檢測工具洗地單擦機一臺,檢測材料:自來水、中性清潔劑、溶劑(例如:汽油、香蕉水等),檢測時間是5分鐘。檢測方式:1用單擦機配合自來水擦洗。2用單擦機配合中性清潔劑泡洗。3用單擦機配合中性清潔劑溶劑泡洗。第一種可以通過,而不改變原來外觀,是合格品。第二種可以通過而不會改變原來外觀的,是優良品。第三種可以通過,而不會改變外觀,是優質品。如果第一種檢測都不能通過的,屬于劣質不合格品,那就不能應用在地面上了。可洗滌的石材、陶瓷飾面,在實際生活上是非常必要和必須,是現代人生活的要求。

(4)石材的耐溫性,可以在現場用少量香蕉水、汽油、酒精、木柴、紙屑等,燃燒時間在1-5分鐘,(一定要做好滅火準備)溫度應該是300度以上600度以下,燒烤完畢用清水拖洗檢查,如果沒有任何改變原有外觀的,(包括清晰度、潔凈度)才算合格,如果已經有改變的(包括清晰度、潔凈度)為不合格。

(5)石材的防滑性,應該是使用靜摩擦系數測試儀(滑度計)。沒有(滑度計)的可以在現場,用干、濕二種方法來檢測,在石材或瓷磚表面走動,用腳轉動感受是否有明顯的吸腳防滑效果。也可以在石材或瓷磚放上清水,然后在表面走動,用腳轉動感受防滑效果,匯總多方意見確定防滑性。

(6)石材抗污染性,應該在現場使用油性筆畫寫,或者在表面燒焦,然后用清水拖洗后,是否留有痕跡來測試,如果清水拖洗留有痕跡的是劣質不合格品,拖洗后能保持原有效果,不留下任何痕跡并且能保持高清晰度的為優質合格品。

(7)石材的平整度,應該使用高精度激光移位傳感器測試,也可以在現場由匯總多方意見目測鑒定確定,因為平整度是相對,整體效果以極少波浪為合格,反之為不合格。

(8)石材清晰度,應該使用清晰度儀量度,也可以使用密度儀量度,石材、陶瓷表面密度越高清晰度越高,也可以通過匯總多方意見來鑒定清晰度,高清晰度可用目測,整體表面完全反映玻璃相,高清晰度就應該確立,沒有絲毫霞霧朦朧感,沒有橘皮紋,沒有任何麻點,能100%充分倒映室內天花板、吊燈、桶燈、細微到燈絲都能反映出來的倒映效果。這就是清晰度,反之就不能算得上清晰。這是目測的標準

(9)石材覆蓋度,這也可以理解成豐滿度或者是厚度,應該在現場目測地面的針孔、細小裂紋的覆蓋是否完全,完全覆蓋成一平面,豐滿度、厚度都能達到的為優質品,目測還能看見細小裂紋,但針孔看不到,豐滿度,厚度明顯不夠的為合格品,針孔、細小裂紋仍然能看到,那就談不上什么豐滿度,厚度了,這為劣質不合格品。

過去行業一直錯誤地誤導使用光度計,認為是檢測石材,陶瓷飾面品質的唯一標準。顯然是非常錯誤的一種誤導,有問題的當重點,是一種很不負責的表現,是本末倒置。石材、陶瓷護理飾面光亮其實是非常次要,里面包括使用過程的很多實質性問題才是重點,上面提及的9點都是在實際使用過程中必須。光度計所量度出來,只是光線的通過量或者說是反射率,從這點我們可以了解到,反射率越大造成的光線折射強烈,光線的折射越強烈,光污染就越強,為了我們的子孫后代健康成長,我們應該共同來抵制光污染,我們倡導的是高清晰度、低反射率、抵制光污染、建立綠色環境。歐盟早已經對光污染有了新條例立法,不論室內外墻體、地面光線反射率部能大于80度,凡超出這范圍就定為光污染,因為反射率越數值大光污染越強烈,承建方必須接受到重罰。

石材品質必須做到:光而不耀,潤而不滑,明靜透徹,高清晰度,低反射率,抵制光污染,綠色環保,聽數字看效果、用眼睛來說話。

Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth, destructive testing is the only standard of quality and effect inspection of products Since the stone, ceramic facing nursing quality, no system of standardization, be some vested interests to fool, cheat, manipulated, so that the development of the industry is lagging behind, which makes the construction and users by flicker. In view of this, in order to stone, ceramic facing nursing quality standard, can really make the general construction, users understand, know, know, being roughly by the following points as the standard.

(1) the wear resistance of stone, with the "degree" to represent, wear-resisting degree is generally applied in the floor, should be at least 3-4 degrees, can be qualified, stone facing can be tested in the field, in the crowded the gate, the main channel, with 6 periods to test data collection, respectively is: 3 days, 7 days, 15 days, 30 days, 45 days, 60 days. The 6 time, can't do any nursing. But to clean and wash, can use a single disc machine with mat wash, this is very important. 3 days had no effect, (without any light) belongs to the waste, 7 days have no effect (without any light) belongs to the inferior goods, 15 days had no effect (without any light) the unqualified products, 30 days had no effect (without any light) belong to the qualified product, 45 days of no effect (without any light) belongs to the excellent product, 60 days had no effect (without any light) for the quality product, the 90 day and effect (refers to also maintain a good light) belongs to the super quality product.

(2) permeability stone facing, can at the scene with fixed water detection method, the method is: use a transparent cylinder, cylinder diameter of high 40CM 10CM, on the ground, the ground close to the interface, side seam with soft silicone closed well, and then add water 20CM in the cylinder, the top with the good, global, static 15-30 minutes, and then put the test object away, have a look whether the bulb into the watermark, and then to be 0.5-2 hours to dry naturally, if can restore the original appearance of dry no watermark, belong to the qualified products, which can achieve double permeability. This effect, can effectively control the possibility of stone disease, at the same time, stone and cement buildings below correct and effective maintenance. This is very important, is to prevent the building because of water loss caused by early powder. On the contrary if not a bubble water or water inside, at the appointed time of water out or never come up, which belongs to the unqualified products, because the finish coating is not breathable, easy to cause the stone, ceramic lesions, more serious is the building so it is impossible to water conservation, accelerate the building of the powder it is difficult to estimate, the consequences will be, this belongs to the poor quality of unqualified products.

(3) stone washing resistance, can live with wash wash wipe detection method, detection tools washing single wipe machine, testing of materials: water, neutral cleaning agent, solvent (for example: gasoline, bananas, water etc.) detection time is 5 minutes. Detection methods: 1 using a single disc machine with water scrubbing. 2 using a single disc machine with neutral detergent washing. 3 using a single disc machine with a neutral cleaning agent, solvent washing. The first kind of can, without changing the original appearance, is qualified goods. Second can and will not change the original appearance, is a good product. Third can, and will not change the appearance, quality is excellent. If the first detection can not pass, belong to inferior unqualified, it cannot be applied on the ground. Stone, ceramic veneer can be washed, in real life is very necessary and indispensable, is the request of the modern people life.

(4) the stone material temperature resistance, can be in the field with a small amount of banana water, gasoline, alcohol, wood, paper, combustion time in 1-5 minutes, (must be well ready to fire) temperature should be 300 degrees above 600 degrees below, barbecue with water mop check, if no changes to the original appearance of the, (including definition, cleanliness) to be qualified, if there have been changes (including definition, cleanliness) is not qualified.

(5) the skid resistance of stone, should be the use of static friction coefficient tester (smoothness tester). No (slide meter) can be at the scene, with dry, wet two kinds of methods to detect, in stone or ceramic tile surface moving, rotating with the feet feel whether suction feet antiskid effect is obvious. Can also be in the stone or ceramic tile on the water, and then on the surface move, rotate with the feet feel the antiskid effect, collect many opinions to determine the skid resistance.

(6) stone pollution resistant, should use oily strokes in the field to write, or on the surface of charred, then wash mop, whether to leave traces to test, if water mop leave a trail is inferior to the unqualified products, mop can keep the original effect, do not leave any marks and can keep high definition for the quality of qualified products.

(7) the flatness of stone, should be used in high precision laser displacement sensor to test, also at the scene can be summarized by the multi views of visual identification, because the roughness is relative, with very little overall effect of wave as qualified, otherwise not qualified.

(8) stone definition, should use the definition of gauge, can also use the density gauge, density of stone, ceramic surface more high resolution is higher, can also through collect many opinions to identification of clarity, high definition available visual, fully reflect the whole surface of the glass phase, high definition should establish, without the slightest mist hazy feeling no, orange peel, no pitting, 100% fully reflected indoor ceilings, chandeliers, barrels, subtle to the filament lamp can be reflected from the reflecting effect. This is the definition, otherwise will not be called on the clear. This is a visual standards.

(9) stone coverage, it can also be understood as fullness or thickness, small cracks in the field should be pinhole, visual ground coverage is fully, completely covered in a plane, fullness, thickness can be achieved for a top quality product, visual can see small cracks, but the pinhole can not see, plump degree, thickness is obviously not enough for qualified products, pinhole, small cracks can still see, that's not what fullness, thickness, it is inferior to the unqualified products.

The past industry has been wrongly the misleading use of spectrophotometer, believed to be the only standard detection of stone, ceramic veneer quality. Is obviously a misleading very wrong, there is a problem when the key, is a very responsible performance, is to have the order reversed. Stone, ceramic nursing facing bright is actually a very minor, which includes many substantive issues using process is the key, the 9 points mentioned above are necessary in the actual use of the process. Photometer are measured, only the light throughput or is the reflectivity, from this we can understand that the greater the reflection, refraction of light caused by the strong, the refraction of the light is strong, light pollution is stronger, for our children and grandchildren grow up healthy, we should work together to resist the light pollution, we advocate is the high definition, low reflectivity, resist the light pollution, the establishment of green environment. The EU already on light pollution with new legislation, both internal and external walls, ground reflectivity can be greater than 80 degrees, all beyond this range as the light pollution, light pollution is because reflectivity numerical more strongly, the contractor must accept to heavy penalties.

Stone quality must be: light without Yao, smooth but not smooth, bright and thorough, high definition, low reflectivity, resist the light pollution, green environmental protection, listen to digital at the effect, use your eyes to speak.

  • CopyRight ? 2019 luxrystone.com. 福建中閩奢石裝飾工程有限公司 版權所有 技術支持:捷創科技
97资源_狼群影院在线观看免费完整版_BT天堂在线WWW最新版资源